© Sept 2001
Gender Mainstreaming Strategies in Greece
1. Action Plans for Gender Mainstreaming
Did national, regional and/or local governments in your country launch a plan aiming to
implement equal opportunities for women and men in all fields of policy while at the same
time ensuring that persisting gender gaps are being addressed by positive action?
If so, please indicate:
|Official name of plan in original language
||ETHNIKO PROGRAMMA DRASSIS GIA TIN ISOTITA TON FILON (2001-2006)
(NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR GENDER EQUALITY 2001-2006)
|Date when plan was presented and launched
||March 8, 2001
|Essential objectives and features
||Basic and central target of the National Action Plan for Gender Equality is
the modernisation of the social model. It aims at utilising all human resources,
independently of gender, and the abolition of all forms of discrimination against women.
- Promotion of equality between men and women in economic life (actions in the
sectors of employment, information society, vocational training, promotion of women's
enterpreneurship, of equal pay and harmonisation of professional and family obligations).
- Promotion of equal participation and representation in the political social and
economic sectors (legal regulations institutionalising quotas, actions aiming at
promoting women in decision taking in the economic and political fields, the leading
boards in the public and private sector, trade union committees and professional
- Promotion of equal access and of equal application of social rights for men and women
(actions and steps in the legal framework for the completion of Greek legislation or its
harmonisation with community legislation, but also in sectors of quality of life like
health, welfare and social infrastructure, environment, violence against women and
trafficking. Special and integral actions for sensitive groups of women socially excluded.
Basic action of this target is the application of legislation, the information and
awareness raising of the citizens).
- Promotion of a change of gender roles and stereotypes (actions and practices concerning
harmonisation of family and professional responsibilities, the models promoted by the
media, special interventions and measures for raising awareness in the sectors of
education, culture and every expression of life).
|Quantitative goals and timetables
||Not determined yet. The General Secretariat for Equality has proposed:
The determination of a schedule for materialising the actions.
Setting up, by the inter-ministerial Committee for Equality, of a mechanism to monitor the
The inter-ministerial Committee for Gender Equality was set up according to a decision of
the Prime Minister (no Y316, Governement Newspaper 870/17.7.2000) and undertook to
co-ordinate the activities of the ministries on equality, in all government policies.
According to the above decision, the ministries participating in the inter-ministerial
are: Interior-Public Administration and Decentralisation, National Economy, Development,
National Education and Religions, Labour and Social Insurance, Health-Welfare, Press -
Media as well as the General Secretariat of Equality. The latter has proposed that the
Committee be enlarged with the participation of the ministries of Public Order, of
Environment-Cityplanning and Public Works, Culture and also the Local Government
The ressources for application of equality policies from 3rd CSF on specific measures, are
allocated as follows:
- Community resources: 3rd Community Support Framework
5th Medium term Action Plan of Equality
- National resources: Regular budget
Public Investment Programme
Central Autonomous resources for Local
- Participation of private sector - NGOs: 12 billion drachmas
Concerning the Operational Programmes of the other ministries, there is no provision at
the moment for specific measures. The resources will be diffused to all axes of the
- Operational Programme "Employment and Vocational Training"
(Ministry of labour and Social Insurance)
Total cost: 72 billion drachmas
- Operational Programme "Competitiveness"
Ministry of Development
Total cost: 12 billion drachmas
- Operational Programme of the Ministry of National Education and Religions -
(EPEAEK) - Operational Programme of Education and Vocational Training.
Total cost: 23,5 billion drachmas
Concerning the Regional Operational Programmes, resources will be blocked from the human
resources of the 3rd CSF and the regular budget.
(The National Action Plan for Equality is not available in English yet. It will be sent to
you upon publication).
In the two year national Action Plan of the General Secretariat of Equality for 1999-2000,
one of the 6 priorities was mainstreaming. To effect this priority, the GSE unfolded a
series of actions and policies. For example, in collaboration with KETHI (Equal
Opportunities Research Centre) it participated actively in planning the actions for the
3rd Community Support Framework and the National Action Plan for Employment. The
collaboration had noticeable results, since many actions for gender equality were included
in the Operational Programmes, like those of the Ministries of Labour, of Development, of
Education and of Acriculture.
2. Getting ready for Gender Mainstreaming
Are national, regional and local governments or other key-players currently preparing the
ground for implementing gender mainstreaming?
If you see indications in your country, please elaborate.
|Awareness raising events and publications
by governments, equality infrastructures, women's NGOs, trade unions etc.
||Mainstreaming was introduced in Greece only recently. This is why few and
fragmented relevant actions have taken place. More specifically, the trade unions side has
not touched the subject at all.
- MEP ms Angela Kokola, member of the Committee for Women's Rights, organised a day
seminar in February 1998 in Athens, in collaboration with the Parliamentary Group of the
European Socialist Party and the parliamentary group of PASOK in the European Parliament,
on the subject "Action for inclusion of equal opportunities in all community policies and
- Ms Agela Kokola publushed a book with the contributions to this seminar.
- The General Secretariat of Equality of the Ministry of Interior, Public Administration
and Decentralisation, which is the most relevant government agency for Equality, carried
out a conference in September 1999, in collaboration with the Council of Europe, on the
- The Gender Equality Research Centre (GERC), functioning under the supervision of the
GSE, carried out a European Conference in October 2000 in Athens, under the title
"Strategies for Gender Equality, Europe-Greece 1996-2005". Objects of the Conference were
the evaluation of the 4th and the presentation of the 5th Medium-term Action programmes
for gender Equality. One of the three issues of the conference was mainstreaming and one
of its targets informing the women's NGO's, so as to be involved in the processes of
mainstreaming. A big number of cadres of public administration, Local Government, women
NGOS's, trade unions, journalists, academics etc. took part in it.
||In September 1999, the GCE published in a book form, in Greek, the Report "Inserting
the Equality Principle between women and men" of the Council of Europe.
|Training targeted at various actors
organised by governments, equality infrastructures etc.
||There have been scattered efforts for informing on questions of equality
various professional categories:
- Seminars for raising awareness and educating police officers in questions of violence
against women, carried out by the Ministry of Public Order.
- The General Secretariat of Equality, the Research Centre for Gender Equality and the
Network for Combatting Violence Against Women (NGO) have carried out seminars for
awareness raising and training of judges, lawyers and Work Inspectors on questions of
violence against women and Women's rights.
- A conference, on "Gender Equality - the role of teachers" was organised by GERC in
collaboration with the GSE in December 1999, in Herakleion of Krete.
- Collaboration of the General Secretariat of Equality with the Union of Greek Banks and
the Federation of Bank Employees Organisations for the elaboration of a plan of
mainstreaming on the EURO.
|Research and study
- The Centre of Women's Studies and Research DIOTIMA carried out in 1998 an inter-state
project in the framework of the 4th long term Action Programme for Gender Equality, under
the title "Including equality in enterprises, labour collective negotiations and labour
collective agreements". The project explored the relationship between the collective
agreements and the discrimination in the labour market. The results of the research were
used as training material in a seminar for awareness raising of the parties involved in
collective bargaining and collective agreements.
- The RCGE published in the year 200 an public invitation for a review study on the
subject "Policies and Tools for Gender Equality - Mainstreaming". No interest from the
|Information and funding of women's NGOs in
a perspective of making them key-actors in the process of gender mainstreaming.
||NGO's receive information from the activities and publications mentioned.
State funding of NGO's is not foreseen.
3. Gender mainstreaming targeted explicitly at women in decision-making
- What are the relevant strategies including timetables and quantitative goals?
- What are the concrete measures to reach them?
- Who are the major players to take action?
- What are the relevant monitoring and evaluation mechanisms to be applied?
|Tackling gender gaps in decision-making -
in both the political arena and in economic and cultural life - as priority in the
(already mentioned eventually existing) national action plan for gender mainstreaming.
||There are many organisations tackling gender gaps in economic and social
spheres, from NGOs to the Institute for Personnel Development. Women NGOs network to offer
support for women who are in decision-making positions. Many professional bodies have a
women's wing, emphasising the need for such initiatives. The Fair Play Consortia focus on
access to economic decision-making and employment initiatives. There is a strong awareness
in the country of the need to improve the situation, but very little in the way of
co-ordinated strategy and activity. The employer-led organisation Opportunity Now has
benchmarked this aspect, but does not enforce it, or censure member organisations which do
not fully comply.
|Vertical desegregation of the labour market
(i.e. enhancing women's access to senior management and decision-making levels) as a
priority among measures described under pillar 4 of your country's National Action Plan
for Employment (NAP)'.
||While the Civil Service has made great efforts to overcome the
de-segregation of the labour market, and the Government has a policy of greater
representation of women and minority ethnic groups on other decision-making bodies, and
this is monitored annually, the improvement is slow. A more rapid increase in the number
of women in senior positions in industry would require potentially require the setting of
quotas, which would not be supported by Government and industry.Targets are acceptable,
but not quotas.
'NAPs can be found on the Europa Server at the website of the DG Employment & Social
Search for European Employment Strategy.
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