Micaela Navarro
>Micaela Navarro

Political Development

Party Affiliation

Profession/ Current priorities

Political Aims/ Priorities/ Assessments





The Team




[ European Commission, DG V ]

© Jan 2001

European Database: Women in Decision-Making

Micaela Navarro

Political Development

1. What made you decide to go into politics?
In fact, it wasn't a voluntary decision. I had never thought about it. I was a member of a district association and a women's group, and I realised that at that level you can achieve some things, but where your really can change things is in politics. It's the only way to contribute to make a fair world.

2. Do/did you have a role model?
I don't. I think I know what I want. We are representing the people who voted for us; we are nothing alone. Our only mission in politics is to resolve the problems of the people who need us.

3. Is there a tradition of political involvement/policy - making in your family?
No, nobody in my family was a politician.

4. Did you take part in political movements before getting involved in political parties (citizen rights movements, parents associations, etc.). If so, in which post and institution did you begin your political career? What made you switch from grass roots movements to a political party?
It wasn't a decision I made on my own. When I was active in the district associations and in groups of women, my contacts in the City Hall encouraged me to become a member of the PSOE and to get involved in politics. In this way, I was included in the municipal lists of my province as a councillor. It happened this way because my enrolment coincided with an election period and not because I planned it.

5. Were there disruptions in your political career?
I've had no interruptions. My political career has been short but intense.

6. Were there disruptions in your biography that have had an impact on your political career? Have your objectives changed during your political career?

7. How and why did your political objectives change during your political career?
My political objectives have not changed. I want to contribute my effort to make a better city, and to improve the quality of life for its citizens. My objective continues to be to represent the people who vote for us.

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Party Affiliation

1. Motivation for joining a political party?
I realised it is the only arena where you can do something really positive, where you can struggle to achieve your goals.

2. Which party and when?
To the P.S.O.E.

3. Does your party have equal opportunity regulations?
Yes, one is an internal rule that is included in our Statutes and defines what we call peer democracy. It states that any list, either internal or institutional, must have a minimum representation of 40% and maximum of 60% of both sexes. This rule started to be applied in 1988 with a minimum of 25% of women. This resulted in an increase of women MP's from 7% to 38% in the year 2000.

4. Which office/function did you hold in your party at the beginning? How long after joining? How did you get into running for office?
I was included in the municipal lists of my province and I held the office of Counsellor for five years.

5. Did you have mentors within your party?
There is always a mentor, usually a man. I say this because men still decide the places that women will occupy. In my case, I have several mentors: Manuel Chaves, the regional secretary, and Gaspar Sarrķa.

6. Have you ever changed party affiliation?
No, I always maintained my membership in the same political party.

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Profession/ Current priorities

1. How does your profession relate to your political work?
There is no relationship.

2. What kind of qualifications do you have?
I'm a clinical nurse and an Infant Education graduate.

3. In what kinds of jobs did you work?
I am dedicated full-time to my political activity.

4. Do you link your professional and political career?
No. Some time ago, I had a circumstantial connection with the Health and Social Affairs Committee of the Senate.

5. In what areas do you see your special competencies?
In women's issues. I'm a Member of Parliament and secretary of women's issues in the Socialist party.

6. What are your political priorities?
As I said before, to represent those who voted for my party.

7. Main fields of action?
Women's issues.

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Political Aims/ Priorities/ Assessments

1. Which objectives would you like to achieve through your political work?

2. How and why have your political objectives changed during your political career?
My objectives did not change. They remain the same as when I started my career.

3. Do you think the equal opportunities strategies in Spain have had an impact on the participation of women in decision-making? (quotas, equal opportunities legislation, etc.)
Of course, quotas and legislation on equal opportunities have made a big contribution to increase the participation of women in politics.

4. Did you benefit from these strategies?
Yes. This strategy was highly positive.

5. Do you see direct or indirect discrimination in conventional policy-making?

6. What keeps women away from politics?
Precisely that discrimination. The inclusion of candidates in lists is never an objective process. You do not succeed in politics by sitting exams. If that were the case, we wouldn't need internal rules. The selection of candidates is subjective and the fact that historically women have been excluded from public life and politics does not help. This discrimination is still alive today.

7. What are the major obstacles that women need to overcome?
Women have to overcome many obstacles.

8. What obstacles have you had to overcome in your own career?
My political career developed ahead of my expectations. I went from one post to another very quickly. I have a team of women who pull me up and support me in my career.

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