European Database: Women in Decision-making Explanatory notes

Fact Sheet:
Women in Decision-making Positions in the Telecommunications Industry
in the EU and EEA States - 2000

State Company name Top Management Positions Positions in Supervisory Bodies and Board of Directors
Total Women Women % Total Women Women %
EU Member States
Austria
Incumbent Telekom Austria 4 0 0,0 12 1 8,3
Fixed L. Comp. UTA Telekom AG 3 0 0,0 8 1 12,5
Mobile Incu. mobilkom austria AG 3 0 0,0 6 1 16,7
Mobile Comp. max.mobil. 2 0 0,0 -
Belgium
Incumbent Belgacom S.A. 3 0 0,0 18 2 11,1
Fixed L. Comp. Telenet Operations 5 0 0,0 11 1 9,1
Mobile Incu. Proximus/Belgacom Mobile S.A. 14 2 14,3 -
Mobile Comp. Mobistar S.A. 11 1 9,1 18 0 0,0
Denmark
Incumbent Teledanmark 5 0 0,0 12 0 0,0
Fixed L. Comp. Tele2 dk 7 1 14,3 -
Mobile Incu. Teledanmark Mobile A.S. 2 0 0,0 5 0 0,0
Mobile Comp. Sonofon 5 0 0,0 5 0 0,0
Finland
Incumbent Sonera * 8 1 12,5 20 7 35,0
Fixed L. Comp. Finnet Nine Ltd 1 0 0,0 6 0 0,0
Mobile Incu. business unit in Sonera no separate leadership no separate leadership
Mobile Comp. Radiolinja 5 0 0,0 20 3 15,0
France
Incumbent France Telekom 9 1 11,1 21 1 4,8
Fixed L. Comp. Cejetel 7 0 0,0 -
Mobile Incu. Itineris 6 2 33,3 -
Mobile Comp. SFR (brand name for business unit in Cejetel) no separate leadership 20 3 15,0
Germany
Incumbent Deutsche Telekom AG 8 0 0,0 26 4 15,4
Fixed L. Comp. Mannesmann Arcor 7 0 0,0 16 1 6,3
Mobile Incu. DeTeMobil 7 0 0,0 12 1 8,3
Mobile Comp. Mannesmann Mobilfunk GmbH D2 privat 6 0 0,0 -
Greece
Incumbent OTE 10 0 0,0 11 0 0,0
Fixed L. Comp. ** - -
Mobile Incu. Cosmote 8 2 25,0 9 0 0,0
Mobile Comp. Panafon 10 2 20,0 10 2 20,0
Ireland
Incumbent Eircom plc - 14 1 7,1
Fixed L. Comp. Esat - 15 1 6,7
Mobile Incu. Eircell 12 2 16,7 -
Mobile Comp. Esat Digifone (brand name for business unit in Esat Telekom) 1 0 0,0 no separate leadership
Italy
Incumbent Telecom Italia 8 0 0,0 13 0 0,0
Fixed L. Comp. Infostrada - 7 0 0,0
Mobile Incu. Telecom Italia Mobile - 7 0 0,0
Mobile Comp. Omnitel - 11 2 18,2
Luxembourg
Incumbent P&T Luxembourg 5 0 0,0 13 0 0,0
Fixed L. Comp. Tele2 Luxemburg 1 0 0,0 -
Mobile Incu. LUXGSM (brand name for business unit in P&T Luxembourg) no separate leadership no separate leadership
Mobile Comp. Tango (brand name for business unit in Tele2) no separate leadership -
Netherlands
Incumbent KPN 8 0 0,0 8 0 0,0
Fixed L. Comp. Telfort 3 0 0,0 -
Mobile Incu. KPN Mobile Nehterlands 9 0 0,0 -
Mobile Comp. Libertel N.V. 5 0 0,0 6 0 0,0
Portugal
Incumbent Portugal Telecom 15 4 26,7 19 0 0,0
Fixed L. Comp. *** - -
Mobile Incu. TMN 3 0 0,0 6 0 0,0
Mobile Comp. Telecel 5 0 0,0 7 1 14,3
Spain
Incumbent Telefonica 8 0 0,0 21 0 0,0
Fixed L. Comp. Retevision 25 1 4,0 16 1 6,3
Mobile Incu. Telefónica Móviles Espana 9 1 11,1 8 0 0,0
Mobile Comp. Airtel - 22 0 0,0
Sweden
Incumbent Telia 7 2 28,6 9 2 22,2
Fixed L. Comp. Tele2 sw 10 1 10,0 -
Mobile Incu. Telia Mobile 9 3 33,3 7 2 28,6
Mobile Comp. Comviq (brand name for business unit in Tele2) no separate leadership -
UK
Incumbent British Telekom (BT) 16 0 0,0 15 2 13,3
Fixed L. Comp. Cable & Wireless - 10 1 10,0
Mobile Incu. BT Cellnet 15 3 20,0 -
Mobile Comp. Vodafone - 16 1 6,3
EEA States
Iceland
Incumbent Simmin 12 0 0,0 7 3 42,9
Fixed L. Comp. Islanssimi 11 2 18,2 5 0 0,0
Mobile Incu. business unit at Simmin - -
Mobile Comp. Tal 7 2 28,6 6 0 0,0
Liechtenstein
Incumbent Telecom FL 4 0 0,0 5 0 0,0
Fixed L. Comp. Tele2 AG 1 0 0,0 -
Mobile Incu. business unit in Telecom FL no separate leadership no separate leadership
Mobile Comp. Tango (brand name for business unit in Tele2 AG) no separate leadership -
Norway
Incumbent Telenor AS 10 2 20,0 9 5 55,6
Fixed L. Comp. Tele2 5 1 20,0 3 0 0,0
Mobile Incu. business unit in telenor - -
Mobile Comp. NetCom ASA 8 0 0,0 7 2 28,6
Total   388 36 9,3 538 49 9,1

* Even before liberalisation, Finnet Group was the main competitor for the former monopolist Sonera for fixed lines telephony on the local level. Today Sonera and Finnet compete with one another in all market segments of fixed lines' and mobile telecommunications services. Radjolinja is part of the Finnet Group.
** Greece was one of those member states which were given more time to implement deregulation. While Luxemburg, Ireland and Portugal have liberalised the telecommunications sector by now, Greece has not opened the fixed lines' market for potential competitors to the incumbent OTE.
*** In Portugal the telecommunications market has only been liberalised since Jan. 2000. PT claims that it still held 99% market share in the fixed lines' market by the end of the first half year of 2000. Oni, Novis, Jazztel und Maxitel are the main new entrants on the market, but due to the short time passed since liberalisation and relatively samll client numbers, it was not possible to find out which one of the companies might be the main competitor for PT.

Abbreveations: Fixed L. = Fixed Lines; Incu.=Incumbents (former monopolists); Comp. = Competitors

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